Knowing how to stain a deck can keep your outdoor spaces in excellent condition. It is also a skill that should save you money.

To perform this task efficiently, you should understand the reason for staining a deck. Likewise, you should know the best tools, materials, and stains for the work.

Finally, it is helpful to understand how to stain a deck and the health and safety measures involved. This article provides all the information you will need and more.

The Purpose of Staining a Deck

If you decide to stain your deck, you will not do it for fun. Instead, you will do it to protect the surface, enhance beauty, and increase its lifespan.

  • Surface Protection: The primary function of applying stain to your deck is to protect it from environmental elements, including moisture, rain, and UV rays. Also, it provides protection against wear and tear from human activities. In essence, applying this vanish means placing a barrier between the deck and the environment.
  • Enhances Aesthetics: In most cases, your deck may be the first thing people see when they come to your house. As such, having a presentable outdoor space can significantly enhance your building’s aesthetics. Furthermore, it may enhance your confidence when receiving guests.
  • Increases Lifespan: All outdoor spaces have a lifespan, which depends on the quality of materials, level of use, and exposure to elements. Nonetheless, you should improve longevity by regularly staining your deck.

Tools and Materials

The Ultimate Guide to How to Stain a Deck

Before you know how to stain a deck, you must possess the necessary tools and materials to perform this process. Below are descriptions of each item you will require.

  • Safety Gear: You will require dust masks, gloves, and safety goggles to protect against dust, fumes, and harmful chemicals.
  • Paint Tray: Using a paint tray should help you properly hold the stain.
  • Paint Pad: A paint pad helps you evenly apply your stain.
  • Deck Cleaner: Appropriate deck cleaning and staining requires a decker cleaner. This item lets you remove old stains, mildew, and regular dirt.
  • Extension Pole: A simple extension easily attaches to the paint pad and lets you reach higher places.
  • Stain: Select an appropriate stain while considering the deck type, personal preferences, and budget considerations.
  • Brush: You will require a brush for corners and handrails.
  • Screwdriver: A screwdriver comes with a handle for screwing things together. For example, it should help you connect the extension pole and the paint pad.
  • Drop Cloths: Drop cloths are essential for protecting surroundings against staining.
  • Sanding Materials: You may require sandpaper to smoothen out wooden surfaces and enhance your deck’s overall appearance.

Choosing a Stain and Brush

After gathering your tools and materials, you should get closer to knowing how to stain a deck. Before then, you should identify and choose a stain and brush. Having appropriate materials should determine the success of your work.

Stain Type

There is a wide range of stains to choose from. As such, there exists solid color, semi-transparent, and clear stains. The type you select should depend on your preference and the protection level you require.

Brush Type

Intricate areas and handrails would require you to use a brush. Alternatively, you may consider staining a deck with a sprayer if you have enough drop cloths to use.

How to Stain a Deck

How to Stain a Deck

Knowing how to stain a deck is super easy. In general, it involves preparation and the staining process.


The preparation stage involves several stages highlighted below.

Sweep the Surface

Firstly, you should sweep debris and dirt off the deck to have clean surfaces that easily allow stains to adhere.

Creating a Plan

Create a plan for staining the deck from one end to another without cornering yourself.

Protecting Exterior Walls

Use plastic sheeting and drop cloths to protect the exterior against accidental stains, spills, and drips.

Staining Process

After preparing the deck, you can confidently begin the staining process as follows.

Adding Stain to Tray

Part of the process of knowing how to stain a deck is to add stain to a tray. Therefore, you should add enough stain to ease the use of your paint pad.

Attaching Pole to Paint Pad

Attach the paint pad to your extension pole using a screwdriver.

Staining the Deck with a Paint Pad

Coat the paint pad with a stain by dipping it in the tray. Next, evenly apply the stain on the surfaces of the deck.

For the best result, follow the wood pattern. You may require appropriate brushes when staining deck railings.

Health & Safety

When working with stains, you must be conscious of health and safety. You should stay safe as follows.

  • Ensure the area you are working in is properly ventilated, especially when working in confined spaces.
  • Always use your safety gear.
  • Take extra care when working with a scaffold or ladder.
  • Always read the stain instructions before using it.


Here’s the revised content with each keyword appearing only once:

You can know how to stain a deck if you intend to remodel your outdoor space. Doing this can protect the surface and enhance aesthetics. Professional Painters in Rhode Island suggest that you will need specific tools and materials to start. Similarly, Professional Painters in Connecticut emphasize choosing an appropriate stain and brush for the best results.

Afterward, you can begin the staining process. However, Professional Painters in Massachusetts remind you to prioritize health and safety when working to ensure a smooth and safe project.


How frequently do need to I stain a deck?

In general, you can stain your deck every 2 years. However, you can do it in less time if there are factors that may reduce its lifespan.

What is the best time for staining a deck?

The best time to stain your deck is during the dry season when temperatures are moderate. Therefore, avoid working when there is precipitation.

Do I have to sand a deck before applying stain?

You only sand a deck when the surface is rough or you want to eliminate an old stain.

Is staining a deck with a sprayer advisable?

It is ideal if you have experience working with paint sprayers. Using this tool can enhance your speed and reach every corner of the deck.